Let’s talk about the F minor scale !
This is the F minor scale. The second most used minor scale in today’s music. Its relative major scale is the Ab major scale.
The F minor scale:
To build a minor scale you have to think step-by-step also, just like major scales.
By that, I mean that you have to know the steps that connect the notes together. Those steps never fluctuate. If we utilize steps in a way that includes whole steps (W) which means: skip one note. And half steps (H) which means: go directly to the next note. It will be easier to comprehend.
Minor scales is formed by the following:
Ok, then how do we build the F minor scale by ourselves?
To build any major scale, you have to keep in mind that the tonic (aka the first note) in this case it’s F. You have to start from F and start building from there.
So the F minor is built by 7 notes: F-G-Ab-Bb-C-Db-Eb (then you go back to F and repeat all over again.)
Also, we notate the ranks of major scales in roman numbers that way:
I – ii – iii – IV – V – vi – vii
In F minor we have:
I (F) – ii (G) – iii (Ab) – IV (Bb) – V (C) – vi (D) – vii (E)
To build chords of that scale you have to add the notes in a way, that you skip one note from another, by skipping the next note from your starting note IN THE SCALE !
F Minor Scale; Chords
- I – F Ab C (F minor)
- ii° – G Bb Db (G diminished)
- iii – Ab C Eb (Ab major)
- IV – Bb Db F (Bb minor)
- V – C Eb G (C minor)
- vi – Db F Ab (Db major)
- vii – Eb G Bb (Eb major)
Plus, if you can play in the F minor scale you can also play in the Ab major scale. There is the same notes in both of them, also the same chords. The thing that change is the roman numbers associated to the chords.